Research and Special Projects

Silv-Econ’s professional foresters have extensive experience in forest research as it relates to forest insects, roadside tree health, growth and yield, timber supply analysis, and timber valuation. Our research staff have post graduate University degrees in forest science and a proven track record on providing results. We are often called upon to conduct specialized complex projects. Examples of our work include:      

  • Conducted timber supply analysis using the company’s mathematical model (BOREAL). The BOREAL model has been applied in estimating sustainable harvest levels for several Regional and County forests across southern Ontario,
  • Established forest growth monitoring plots on private properties. The data from these sites has been used to model future growth and timber value for estate planning and projections of potential revenue,
  • Developed a protocol to detect and monitor soil moisture in forest and urban settings. We have applied this procedure in woodlots to monitor potential impacts on soil moisture caused by dewatering (e.g., 16th Avenue Trunk Sewer Environmental Management Plan).​        
  • Conducting research in conservation biocontrol for EAB. This includes examining food resources for emerald ash borer parasitoids and potential strategies to enhance them.

  • Conducted a stakeholder needs assessment for emerald ash borer (EAB) information and technology transfer. This resulted in the construction of an educational website for stakeholders managing EAB:

Tree Planti​ng Design and implementation

Silv-Econ’s staff have extensive practical and studied understanding of the science of growing trees. Staff have a combined history of having planted over 300,000 trees throughout Ontario, including seedlings, potted stock and calliper sized trees. Our tree planting services have even been applied on former gravel pits, abandoned agricultural land and in forest settings.

Carbon Sink, a Division of Silv-Econ Ltd is a Planting Delivery Agency for Trees Ontario’s 50 Million Tree Program. Our tree planting programs involve site examination and preparation of a planting plan by a Registered Professional Forester, tree species selection, stock ordering, and implementation of planting activities.  Examples of our expertise in tree planting design and implementation include:

  • Preparation of an ​afforestation guidebook for York Region - 2008

  • ​Development of afforestation prescriptions for Hydro One and Trees Ontario – 2010 to 2012

  • Development and implementation of a roadside planting plan on RavenshoeRoad, York Region – 2010

  • Contract monitoring of tree planting during reconstruction activities​ along Dufferin Street in York Region – 2008 to 2011

Woodlot Management

Silv-Econ has a demonstrated track record exceeding 20 years in sustainable forest management in southern Ontario. We have developed and implemented forest management plans for hundreds of private woodlands, Forest Ste​wardship Council certified forests, and forests managed in a municipal government environment. The company provides a full range of woodlot management services including management planning, forest inventory and Geographic Information System (GIS) mapping, silvicultural prescription development, tree marking, timber sales and harvest contract monitoring including cut inspections.

Forest Infrastructur​​e Planning & Construction

Silv-Econ develops specifications and budgets for capital infrastructure in forests including forest access road and recreational trail layout, construction, and maintenance. This work often requires preparation of environmental reports, arranging for all permits, materials and contractors (backhoe, culverts, and aggregate delivery), working with engineering drawings, and communicating with approval agencies to ensure compliance with relevant legislation. Examples of our work include:

  • Implementation of road reconstruction pr​oject to replace four large culverts, install beaver baffles, and make road repairs in the Halton Region Forest - 2007.
  • Administration and monitoring of the design and installation of new gates at 18 entrances in the Halton Region Forest - 2008​
  • ​Designed location of Nana-Bush trail system on Georgina Island and monitored installation of boardwalks – 2002

Silvicultural Operations Management

Silv-Econ staff are experienced in monitoring silvicultural operations and perform this service according to the company’s Forest Operating Procedures which meet the requirements for FSC/Smartwood Certification and adhere to Good Forestry Practices. We are routinely involved in management of timber sales on client properties and monitor operations to ensure adherence to timber sale contracts. This work entails regular inspections of harvesting operations. 

Good forestry practices means: “the proper implementation of harvest, renewal and maintenance a​​ctivities known to be appropriate for the forest and environmental conditions under which they are being applied and that minimize detriments to forest values including significant ecosystems, important fish and wildlife habitat, soil and water quality and quantity, forest productivity and health and the aesthetics and recreational opportunities of the landscape.” Forestry Act, R.S.O. 1990.

managed forest plans

Silv-Econ’s staff includes managed forest plan approvers who are authorized by the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources to prepare, review and approve plans for the Province’s Managed Forest Tax Incentive Program (MFTIP). As part of this work, Silv-Econ has prepared and regularly maintains plans for more than 150 woodlot owners, and about 7,000 hectares of land in the province. Landowners who have an approved managed forest plan in the MFTIP can receive up to 75% reduction in their property taxes.


The company has an extensive track record of preparing and maintaining forest management plans and operating plan for municipal forests. We work closely with our clients and advisory groups to develop practical and innovative strategies that achieve their objectives. Examples of plans prepared by Silv-Econ include:

  • York Regional Forest Operating Plans (2003-2007, 2008-2012, 2014-2018);
  • Halton Region Forest Management Plan (2005-2024) a collaborative project with Gartner Lee and TSH Associates; and Operating Plans (2005-2009,2010-2014) 
  • Middlesex County Forest Management Plan (2002-2021) and Operating Plans (2002-2006, 2007-2011, 2012-2016),   
  • Peterborough County Forest Management Plan (2008-2027) and Operating Plan (2008-2013)   
  • Lennox & Addington County Forest Operating Plan (2013-2017)